Israel and Palestinian Territories in January 2024

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  1. Lapid Criticizes Netanyahu’s Leadership After Controversial Gaza-Congo Migration Plan.
    Yair Lapid, former Israeli Finance Minister, has strongly denounced Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s leadership, particularly highlighting the controversial plan to resettle Gazans in Congo. Lapid, addressing a crowd in Tel Aviv, condemned Netanyahu’s leadership as self-serving and disconnected from the Israeli public. This criticism comes in the wake of Israel’s plan to facilitate “voluntary migration” of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip to countries like Congo, a move that Netanyahu argues is a necessary security measure. However, Lapid’s sharp critique extends beyond this proposal, touching on Netanyahu’s economic decisions, mismanagement of U.S. relations, and the Gaza military campaign. This political rift, coinciding with the humanitarian crisis in Gaza, reflects the deepening political crisis in Israel. Lapid’s confident stance on his Yesh Atid party’s prospects in the upcoming elections contrasts with the divisive and internationally criticized policies of Netanyahu’s administration, setting the stage for a heated electoral battle.
  2. IDF Escalates Gaza Operations, Captures Hamas Centers, Suffers Casualties.
    In a major escalation, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) intensified ground and air operations in the Gaza Strip, focusing on Hamas strongholds. Key achievements include the capture of a crucial Hamas intelligence center in northern Gaza, equipped with an extensive underground tunnel network and communication facilities. This action significantly undermines Hamas’s operational capabilities in both northern and southern Gaza. In parallel, IDF forces intensified attacks in Khan Yunis, encountering terrorists among civilians and uncovering a tunnel in a school. The IDF’s ground offensive, however, resulted in the loss of Sergeant Meron Moshe Gersh from the elite Yahalom unit, increasing the IDF’s casualty count to 175. Additionally, IDF soldiers were injured in a Hezbollah anti-tank missile attack near the Lebanese border. 


  1. IDF Destroys Shifa Hospital Tunnels, Accuses Hamas of Using Child Soldiers.
    The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) reported that they have destroyed a tunnel network leading to Gaza City’s Shifa Hospital. The IDF also accused Hamas of employing child soldiers for various tasks, including delivering explosive devices and gathering battlefield information. This comes amid ongoing hostilities in central and southern Gaza. The situation remains volatile, with rocket sirens sounding near the northern Gaza border after a period of relative quiet.
  2. Hamas Elite Unit Members Surrender to IDF in Khan Yunis.
    The Israeli army reported the surrender of five members of Hamas’ elite marine commando unit during ongoing battles in Khan Yunis, southern Gaza Strip. This development follows the Israeli army’s raids in response to an attack on Kibbutz Nir Oz on October 7. The surrenders occurred as the IDF destroyed a tunnel opening in Khan Yunis, a crucial access point the elite fighters intended to use for reinforcements. 
  3. IDF Eliminates Islamic Jihad Chief in Gaza.
    The IDF has reported the elimination of Islamic Jihad’s northern Gaza operations chief, Mamdouh Lolo, who played a significant role in planning military and terror operations against Israel. Additionally, there are mentions of IDF training exercises for search and rescue operations, an IDF attack on a rocket launch site in southern Lebanon, and concerns about Hezbollah’s presence near the Israel-Lebanon border. 
  4. Gaza’s Rafah City Welcomes One Million Displaced.
    The United Nations reports that the city of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip has become a refuge for over one million displaced individuals, a result of the Israeli bombing campaign that commenced on October 7. Gaza’s overall displaced population, estimated at 1.9 million, constitutes about 85% of the region’s total inhabitants. These displaced families often face repeated relocations in search of safety. UNRWA operates 155 facilities accommodating nearly 1.4 million displaced people, while the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights emphasizes the absence of safe spaces in Gaza, with many forced to sleep on the streets despite evacuation orders.
  5. Secret U.S.-Coordinated Operation Extracts American Soldier’s Family from Gaza.
    A covert operation, coordinated by the United States with support from Israel and Egypt, successfully extracted Zahra Sakak and her brother-in-law Farid from Gaza. Zahra, the mother of an American infantry soldier, Raji Sakak, and her family were caught in the midst of intense Israeli air strikes and fighting. The operation, revealed by an anonymous American official and reported by the Associated Press, marks a rare effort to evacuate American citizens and their close relatives from the conflict zone. Zahra’s evacuation occurred under harrowing conditions, with her and Farid trapped in a building amidst fighters, relying on minimal resources for survival. The U.S. role was primarily in communication and coordination, with no American officials present on the ground. This operation comes as part of broader efforts to assist approximately 300 American citizens and their families still in the besieged Gaza Strip.


  1. Israeli Army Operations and Developments in Gaza.
    The Israeli army has reported significant developments in its operations in Gaza. Approximately 40 Palestinian fighters were killed in central Gaza, with the discovery of tunnels in Khan Yunis. The IDF uncovers the largest weapons manufacturing site in central Gaza, including rockets capable of reaching north of Tel Aviv. The facility, located 30 meters underground in the Al-Bureij camp, produced rockets with a range of over 100 kilometers. Additionally, other weapons factories were discovered for the production of explosives, rocket guidance systems, mortar shells, small arms, and drones. The IDF continues to target Hamas’ manufacturing infrastructure and underground system in Gaza.Four Israeli soldiers lost their lives, bringing total military casualties to 182. Hassan Okasha, a senior Hamas official in Syria responsible for rocket attacks into northern Israel, was also eliminated, although details remain undisclosed. The ground operation in Gaza is transitioning to a less intense phase, focusing on reducing fighting in northern Gaza and concentrating efforts in central and southern Gaza. Humanitarian aid delivery to Gaza is a priority, while US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken’s visit aims to prevent further escalation. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu reiterates goals, including eliminating Hamas, returning hostages, and ensuring Israel’s security. 
  2. Israel Locates Hamas Leader Yahya Sinwar, Restrained by Hostage Use.
    Israel has reportedly pinpointed the location of Yahya Sinwar, Hamas leader in Gaza, but refrains from targeting him due to his use of Israeli hostages as human shields. Sinwar, identified as the orchestrator of the October 7 attacks, is believed to be sheltering in tunnels under Khan Yunis, surrounded by hostages, impeding an Israeli military strike. Despite Israel’s efforts to capture Sinwar and other senior Hamas officials, they remain at large, protected by Gaza’s extensive tunnel network and the strategic use of hostages. This situation follows a series of events, including the demolition of Sinwar’s apartment in northern Gaza, the assassination of Hamas’s deputy head in Beirut, and the release of some hostages during a truce. Over 240 hostages were initially captured during the Hamas incursion into Israeli territory on October 7, leading to significant casualties.
  3. Israel-Saudi Normalization Talks Underway in Secret Discussions.
    Israel is reportedly engaged in secret negotiations with the White House to resume talks on normalization with Saudi Arabia, as revealed by N12. Israeli Prime Minister’s Strategic Affairs Minister Ron Dermer is leading the discussions, with significant involvement from the Israeli Mossad, although not all Israeli ministers are briefed. The focus of these talks is on aligning with U.S. visions, addressing Saudi concerns regarding the Palestinian issue, and discussing defense alliances and arms deals. The U.S. views this potential agreement as a way to prevent further regional escalation and to aid in Gaza’s rebuilding, while also serving as a significant achievement for President Biden ahead of elections. For Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, this agreement could bolster his political image and offer a strategic victory. The urgency of these discussions is underscored by the upcoming U.S. elections, creating a narrow window of opportunity.
  4. Israel Sets Prisoner Exchange Condition for Palestinian Return to Northern Gaza.
    Israeli officials have stated to U.S. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken that Palestinians will not be allowed to return to northern Gaza without a new prisoner exchange deal with Hamas. Blinken’s visit to Israel aims to contribute to ending the ongoing war in the Gaza Strip. Israel’s stance comes amid the conflict that has resulted in over 23,000 deaths and approximately 57,000 injuries in Gaza since October 7. The Israeli officials emphasized the necessity of a prisoner exchange, with Hamas currently holding over 100 people captured from areas near Gaza. The planning for the return of Palestinians to their homes, in coordination with the United States and the United Nations, is contingent on progress in detainee release negotiations, highlighting the complex humanitarian and political dimensions of the conflict.
  5. Israeli Army Reports 9 Additional Soldier Deaths in Gaza, Totaling 187 Fatalities.
    The Israeli army has reported the death of nine more soldiers in the Gaza Strip, increasing the total number of Israeli military fatalities to 187 in the ongoing conflict. The recent casualties primarily occurred within engineering units engaged in operations against Hamas’s tunnels in the southern and central regions of Gaza. This update follows after Israel declared the dismantling of Hamas’s military infrastructure in northern Gaza. The army had initially reported four fatalities, but the count was revised to nine, all occurring on Monday, with notifications sent to the respective families of the deceased.
  6. Gaza Conflict: 23,210 Killed, Israeli Airstrikes Intensify in Central and Southern Regions.
    The Israeli military’s ongoing offensive in the Gaza Strip has escalated, leading to a significant toll of 23,210 deaths and 59,167 injuries since October 7. The Ministry of Health in Gaza reported 12 massacres with 126 deaths in the last 24 hours alone. Israeli forces have concentrated their efforts in the central and southern Gaza Strip, especially targeting the towns of Al-Zawaida, Al-Masdar, and the area around Khan Yunis. The bombardment has hindered emergency services, with many casualties reported and ambulances struggling to reach affected areas. The Israeli army is expanding ground maneuvers in Khan Yunis, and airstrikes have also hit near Nasser Medical Hospital and a refugee shelter run by Doctors Without Borders, injuring four, including a critically injured 5-year-old. Amidst these developments, violent clashes have erupted in northern Gaza between Israeli forces and Palestinian resistance factions. The focus of Israeli operations is now shifting towards Hamas strongholds in the south and center of the Gaza Strip.
  7. Israel Set to Deploy Starlink for War-Time Communication, Excludes Gaza.
    Israel is gearing up to operationalize SpaceX’s Starlink satellite Internet service to bolster its communication capabilities during wartime, particularly along its northern and southern borders. The Israeli Deputy Minister of Communications, Elad Malka, indicated that Starlink’s usage would be restricted to certain government entities and local councils, deliberately excluding the Gaza Strip to prevent Hamas from accessing the service. 
  8. Islamic Jihad Releases Video Showing Israeli Hostage in Gaza.
    The Palestinian Islamic Jihad released a propaganda video claiming to show Israeli hostage Elad Katzir alive in Gaza on January 5. Katzir was kidnapped during the October 7 Hamas attack, which resulted in the abduction of around 75 hostages from Kibbutz Nir Oz. In the video, Katzir mourns the death of a fellow hostage and calls on the Israeli government to secure his release. The situation involves ongoing efforts to secure the release of hostages held by various terror groups in Gaza, following Israel’s response to the October 7 attack.


  1. High Death Toll, Humanitarian Crisis, and International Legal Challenges.
    Recent reports from the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza highlight a severe health crisis, attributing it to Israel’s use of banned weapons and intense bombings. As of January 10, 2024, Gaza has witnessed 147 deaths within 24 hours, contributing to a total of 23,357 fatalities since October 7. Injuries have affected over 59,410 individuals, many of whom face difficulties accessing medical care. The Israeli military persists in its campaign against Hamas, focusing on Khan Yunis and Al Maghazi. This operation includes targeting more than 150 Hamas locations, resulting in casualties and the discovery of tunnels and weaponry. Additionally, Israeli forces fatally shot an unarmed Palestinian in Beit Rima, West Bank, suggesting a trend of civilian targeting. The humanitarian situation, particularly in Gaza, is worsening, with its health infrastructure nearing collapse. The Israeli army reports the loss of one soldier in the past day, raising its total fatalities in the Gaza conflict to 186, with another soldier injured in central Gaza. Simultaneously, Israel faces genocide accusations at the International Court of Justice in The Hague, marking its first appearance in the court. South Africa has charged Israel with committing genocide in Gaza, sparking concerns about diplomatic repercussions and the ongoing conflict with Hamas. Statements from Israeli ministers have become central to these allegations. Furthermore, an Israeli delegation is in Cairo discussing a hostage deal, while the US foiled a major Houthi attack in the Red Sea. The IDF revealed a senior Hamas official’s luxurious lifestyle, contrasting with Gaza’s plight. Israeli actions included striking Hezbollah targets in Lebanon and intercepting hostile aircraft. Diplomatic tensions arose with discussions on Palestinian statehood and accusations against Israel at the International Court of Justice. The Israeli parliament reduced the budget for war efforts, and the IDF expanded operations in Gaza.


  1. IDF Uncovers Hostage Tunnel in Khan Yunis.
    The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) exposed a significant terror tunnel in Khan Yunis, Gaza, used by Hamas to hold hostages. More than 300 tunnel shafts have been discovered in the area, with 110 hostages released in a previous ceasefire. Hamas leader Yahya Sinwar is suspected of hiding in Khan Yunis with hostages.
  2. ISIS-Affiliated Terrorists Arrested in East Jerusalem. Two individuals with ties to ISIS were arrested in East Jerusalem for planning terror attacks, including the preparation of explosive devices and targeting Israeli security forces. One suspect also had illicit material on his phone.
  3. Netanyahu: Israel Has No Intention of Forcibly Displacing Gaza Residents.
    Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that Israel has no plans for permanent occupation or the forced displacement of civilians in Gaza. He rejected right-wing calls for Israeli settlements in the region and encouraged Palestinian immigration.
  4. IDF: Slain Journalists Were Terror Operatives.
    The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) presented evidence that two Palestinian journalists killed in Gaza were Hamas and Islamic Jihad members operating drones, posing a threat to Israeli soldiers.
  5. UN Special Envoy Investigates Hamas Sexual Violence Allegations.
    UN special envoy Pramila Patten will visit Israel to gather information on sexual violence allegations committed by Hamas during the October 7 attack, meeting survivors and witnesses. Hamas denies the allegations despite mounting evidence.
  6. Hamas Leaders in Gaza Act Independently, Create Tensions with Abroad Leadership.
    Hamas leaders in Gaza are making unilateral decisions on fighting and hostages, disregarding the political leadership abroad, leading to contradictions in hostage release negotiations. Families of Hamas leaders are reportedly moving to Egypt.
  7. Israeli Government Reviews Qatari Deal for Gaza Hostage.
    Israel considers a Qatari proposal for a hostage release and ceasefire in Gaza, while Hamas seeks the release of Palestinian prisoners and continued rule in Gaza. Egypt mediates negotiations.
  8. Israeli Justice Ministry: ICJ Won’t Order Gaza War Halt.
    Israeli officials from the Justice Ministry suggest that while the International Court of Justice (ICJ) may issue orders against Israel, it won’t order a halt to the war in Gaza. Potential orders could include allowing more aid into Gaza, forming an investigative committee, or permitting Palestinians to return to their homes in northern Gaza. The ICJ is currently hearing South Africa’s case accusing Israel of committing genocide in Gaza and calling for an urgent cessation of hostilities. Israel strongly denies genocide allegations, citing self-defense and compliance with international law while blaming Hamas for using civilian areas for military purposes.
  9. Israeli Chief of Staff: Capable of Reaching Any Village in Lebanon.
    Israeli Chief of Staff, Aviv Kohavi, stated that Israel’s forces can destroy any village inside Lebanon, escalating tensions with Hezbollah across the border. He conveyed this message to soldiers in Gaza, suggesting the ability to extend the conflict into Lebanese territory if necessary, citing their experience in Gaza. The Israel-Lebanon border has witnessed daily exchanges of fire since the conflict between Hamas and Israel erupted in Gaza.


  1. Israeli Army Proposes Truce, Advances to Third Phase in Conflict with Hamas.
    The Israeli Broadcasting Corporation has reported that the Israeli army has proposed a truce in its conflict with Hamas. This proposal includes a three-month ceasefire, Israeli troop withdrawal from Gaza, the release of detained Palestinians, the return of displaced persons, and the establishment of internationally funded management for Gaza’s reconstruction. The army has transitionally advanced from the second to the third stage of operations against Hamas, led by the 98th Division and its Special Forces. This phase focuses on targeted operations in southern Gaza, particularly in Khan Yunis, employing various military tactics to dismantle military infrastructure and gather intelligence, with an emphasis on minimizing civilian casualties. The Israeli army has conducted strikes against Hamas forces in Gaza, resulting in the elimination of several members, including commanders of groups identified as elitewithin Hamas. These operations are primarily aimed at destroying Hamas’ military capabilities while ensuring minimal civilian impact and maintaining readiness along the Lebanese border.
  2. Israeli Outrage Over ICJ Genocide Hearing.
    Israeli officials have expressed outrage following a session of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague. This session addressed allegations, which Israel vehemently denies, of genocide. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu strongly criticized Pretoria for what he perceives as alignment with Hamas. The Israeli Foreign Ministry condemned the accusations as a “display of hypocrisy.” Netanyahu highlighted what he sees as South Africa’s duplicity, pointing out its silence on the crises in Syria and Yemen, where he noted that “millions were killed or displaced.” Opposition leader Yair Lapid emphasized that it is the integrity of the international community, not Israel, that is under scrutiny.
  3. Israeli Comptroller Accused of Protecting Netanyahu Post-Hamas Attack.
    Critics of the Israeli government have leveled accusations against State Comptroller Netanyahu Engelman, alleging that he is attempting to shield Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu from the repercussions of the military and security services’ failure to effectively respond to the Hamas attack on October 7. The investigation led by Engelman, appointed by Netanyahu, is perceived as an effort to absolve Netanyahu of responsibility and place the blame on the military. This approach is seen as part of a broader strategy by the right to critique the performance of the army and intelligence services. Amos Harel, a military analyst with Haaretz, asserts that Netanyahu appears unperturbed by the investigation, believing that any means to maintain power are justified. The opposition denounces these tactics as a ploy to protect Netanyahu, while Engelman maintains that his investigation thoroughly examines all aspects of the military’s shortcomings.
  4. Historic Downturn in Israeli Real Estate Market.
    The Israeli real estate market is experiencing its most significant downturn in two decades, impacted by the Al-Aqsa flood and the crisis in Gaza. Sales have plummeted due to diminishing investor interest and construction challenges stemming from labor shortages and elevated production costs. Despite government efforts to rejuvenate the market, including reducing purchase taxes and increasing the quota for foreign workers, these measures have yet to effectively address the sector’s challenges.


  1. Intensifying Israeli Operations Amid Internal Crises.
    Israeli operations continue in Khan Yunis, in the southern Gaza Strip, reaching a critical juncture in the conflict with Hamas, with no imminent ceasefire in sight. These operations have focused on confiscating military equipment from Hamas leadership, targeting weapon storage facilities and other key military infrastructures. In the north, Israeli forces reported the elimination of five Hamas members, bringing the total number to approximately 9,000. Concurrently, Hamas released a video of three Israeli hostages taken on October 7, appealing to the Israeli government for their release. Abu Ubaida, spokesman for the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, stated uncertainty regarding the fate of other Israeli hostages in Gaza, suggesting that many might have been killed, and attributing responsibility to Israel. The Israeli War Council faces internal strife, impacting the execution of its war strategy in Gaza. Disputes include budget allocation, war priorities, detainee repatriation, and policies regarding the West Bank and Palestinian workers. Tensions between Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Yoav Galant are particularly influential, complicating the management of military operations. A recent Israeli Cabinet session, which discussed the 2024 budget encompassing war costs in Gaza, witnessed withdrawals by several ministers amid escalating tensions with Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich. Education Minister Yoav Kisch exited the session following a heated debate with Smotrich, amid discussions on increasing VAT and reducing coalition party funding. The Israeli Shin Bet reported Iranian efforts to infiltrate and manipulate social media targeting families of hostages in Gaza, aiming to incite discord within Israeli society. These operations included photographing homes of Israeli officials and recruiting agents, showcasing Iran’s strategy of influence. Israeli forces conducted a raid on An-Najah National University in Nablus, arresting nine individuals from a Hamas student cell, with additional arrests made in a joint operation between the Israeli army and Shin Bet. The Israeli Defense Minister accused Turkiye of being Hamas’ ‘executive arm’ ‘ following the arrest of Israeli footballer Sagiv Yehezkel in Turkiye for expressing solidarity with Israel during a match. Turkiye alleged that Yehezkel incited hatred, leading to his exclusion from his club. Israeli media reported that most Hamas military leaders have fled Beirut, fearing Israeli assassinations after the drone strike killing of deputy leader Saleh Al-Arouri. Hamas officials relocated to Syria and Turkiye, while Ghazi Hammad sought refuge in Qatar. Al-Arouri’s two sisters were detained in the West Bank.


  1. Clashes in Gaza and West Bank Escalate: Differing Perspectives from Israeli and Arab Media.
    The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) claim to have eliminated around 40 Hamas operatives near Khan Younis in the Gaza Strip, as part of a series of operations. These included the IDF’s 7th Armored Brigade shelling Hamas gunmen and an elite Egoz unit raid on a Hamas operative’s home, resulting in weapon confiscations. The IDF eliminated Amed Abdullah Abu-Shalal, a key terror leader from the West Bank, in a drone strike. Abu-Shalal, responsible for multiple attacks and planning a significant imminent attack, was targeted near Balata refugee camp, with the IDF confirming casualties among its forces in northern Gaza. The operation’s success also revealed Iranian-backed terrorist infrastructure in Balata. The operation, based on intelligence, targeted the group en route to an imminent attack. Simultaneously, Arab media sources cite the Palestinian Shehab News Agency in reporting incidents in the West Bank, including explosions targeting Israeli vehicles in the Nour Shams camp, Tulkarm, and widespread Israeli raids across several cities.
  2. Escalation on Israel-Lebanon Border: Drone Strikes and Hezbollah’s Infrastructure.
    Recent developments on the Israel-Lebanon border have highlighted a significant escalation in tensions. Israeli forces conducted a drone strike on a vehicle in Al-Khan Market near Kawkaba and shelled the outskirts of several towns in southern Lebanon, including Kawkaba and Yarin. Heavy machine gun fire was reported from Israeli positions into areas near Aita al-Shaab. This military activity coincides with ongoing Israeli reconnaissance over villages along the Litani River and adjacent to the Blue Line. Simultaneously, the Alma Research and Education Center reported extensive attacks on Hezbollah’s military infrastructure in Wadi Saluki, which includes launch positions, weapon depots, and bunkers. Hezbollah, backed by Iran, has been reported to have a comprehensive military presence in southern Lebanon. Despite rejecting initial U.S. diplomatic efforts for de-escalation, Hezbollah has signaled a willingness to engage in diplomatic discussions to avoid further conflict, maintaining their stance on rocket attacks towards Israel in response to actions in Gaza. This complex situation underscores the fragility of the ceasefire in the region and the potential for broader conflict escalation.
  3. First Israel-Hamas Deal Since November Delivers Medicine to Gaza Hostages and Civilians.
    Under a deal mediated by France and Qatar, the first since a November ceasefire, a shipment of medicine intended for both hostages held by Hamas and Palestinians in need of aid has arrived in Gaza. Despite the delivery bringing potential relief, ongoing conflict continues to affect the region, with no imminent resolution for the war or the hostages’ release. The news, announced by Qatar’s Foreign Ministry, marks a significant yet limited step in addressing the humanitarian crisis in Gaza.
  4. Netanyahu Declines US Proposal for Saudi Normalization Linked to Palestinian Statehood Path.
    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu rejected a US offer, presented by Secretary of State Antony Blinken, for Saudi Arabia to normalize relations with Israel in exchange for a path to Palestinian statehood. The proposal, part of US efforts to reshape the Middle East post-war, involved commitments from Saudi Arabia and other Arab leaders to aid Gaza’s reconstruction and support a reformed Palestinian Authority’s return. Despite Netanyahu agreeing not to attack Hezbollah and to permit UN assessments in Gaza, he was unwilling to consider Palestinian sovereignty, contrary to US aspirations for regional peace.


  1. The conflict intensifies in Gaza: the IDF claims significant progress, and the Al-Qassam Brigades announce Israeli losses.
    In the latest developments in the Gaza Strip, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) have announced significant progress in their military operations. According to the IDF, they have successfully demolished Hamas’s primary rocket and weapons manufacturing zone in central Gaza, including an extensive underground tunnel network. Additionally, the IDF reported the targeted killing of Wael Makin Abdallah Abu-Fanounah, identified as the Deputy Head of Propaganda for Palestinian Islamic Jihad, in an airstrike. The IDF’s statement also highlighted the capture of key sites in Khan Yunis, a region where intense clashes have been ongoing. According to the IDF, their forces have seized control of the Hamas “Martyrs Brigade” site in Khan Yunis, claiming to have eliminated numerous fighters and uncovered a significant cache of weapons, ammunition, and intelligence documents. This marks the southernmost point of the Israeli forces’ advance in the area. In contrast, the Al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of Hamas, have provided a conflicting narrative about the situation in Khan Younis. They claim to have inflicted heavy casualties on Israeli soldiers in Khan Yunis, including the destruction of tanks and vehicles. Al-Qassam also reported blowing up a house and targeting an Israeli foot patrol, asserting significant losses to the IDF.Furthermore, the Israeli army has disclosed their ongoing efforts to locate the bodies of hostages in Gaza Strip cemeteries. The IDF is preparing to establish a presence along the Gaza Valley axis, a crucial area bisecting the Strip from east to west. According to Israeli newspapers, the Israeli Defense Forces managed to find the bodies of 21 hostages during today’s operation on Friday, January 19, 2024. In a separate development, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in consultation with Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich and Minister Ron Dermer, has decided to transfer Palestinian Authority tax revenues to a third country. This third country has pledged not to forward these funds to Hamas in the Gaza strip, marking a significant shift in the handling of Palestinian Authority resources. This series of events highlights the escalating tensions and the complex nature of the conflict. Both sides continue to assert their own narratives and claims of success amid persistent violence and strategic maneuvers. It’s crucial to conclude today’s report by addressing the concerning medical situation in Rafah, located near the Egyptian border. Given its proximity to Egypt, the urgent delivery of medical supplies to this area is imperative.
  2.  Criminal Complaints Filed Against Israeli President Herzog During Davos Participation.
    Criminal complaints have been filed against Israeli President Isaac Herzog during his participation in the World Economic Forum in Davos. According to the Swiss Attorney General’s office, these complaints will be reviewed in accordance with official legal procedures. Subsequently, the issue of the Israeli president’s immunity in this context will be examined. It is worth noting that the provided Arabic media reports did not specify the nature of the charges brought against President Herzog in this criminal complaint.


  1. Continued Tension in Gaza: New Ceasefire Proposal and Escalation of Military Action. In the ongoing developments in Gaza, Israel has put forth a new plan for a ceasefire, marked by an extended duration and deeper implications. According to reports, this new proposal bears some resemblance to previous ceasefire offers in Gaza, but it surpasses them in terms of both its duration and depth. Israel has presented this fresh initiative through Qatari and Egyptian mediators, suggesting a ceasefire against Hamas in Gaza for a period of up to two months. As part of this proposal, there would be a gradual release of 136 hostages held in Gaza, adding a significant dimension to the negotiations. Additionally, the plan includes provisions for the departure of senior Hamas leaders from the region and the withdrawal of Israeli forces from major residential areas in Gaza. This would be coupled with a gradual process aimed at returning Palestinians to their homes in the northern part of the strip. Simultaneously, recent military events have seen the imposition of a cordon around the city of Khan Yunis in southern Gaza by Israeli forces, further intensifying the region’s tensions and conflicts. The Israeli military has announced the completion of the encirclement and has launched a wide-scale offensive in the area, resulting in the loss of several Palestinian militants’ lives. At the same time, reports have surfaced regarding an explosion in the region, leading to the unfortunate demise of 24 Israeli soldiers. Investigations into the causes of this explosion are still ongoing.



  1. IDF Operations Undermine Hamas Capabilities: Over 100 Operatives Surrender.
      The recent operations of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) have significantly weakened Hamas, as evidenced by the surrender of over 100 operatives and the loss of numerous fighters in recent conflicts. The IDF’s focused campaign in Gaza has led to a substantial reduction in the group’s influence and infrastructure. Defense Minister Yoav Gallant highlighted these developments, pointing to the diminishing operational capabilities of Hamas. 
  2. Deadly Raid on UN Shelter in Gaza: Israeli Military Investigates, Hamas Rocket Fire Suspected.
    On January 24, 2024, a bombing at an UNRWA vocational training center in Khan Yunis, southern Gaza Strip, left 9 dead and 75 injured. The center was sheltering displaced Palestinians. During this time, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) were targeting Hamas military leaders in nearby tunnels. Initially, the IDF speculated the incident could be due to accidental Hamas rocket fire, but later excluded IDF air strikes or artillery as causes. Investigations continue into IDF ground activities near the shelter, including the potential role of Hamas in the incident. The U.S. condemned the attack, labeling it tragic and expressing concern, without assigning blame. The IDF’s Khan Yunis operation aimed at dismantling Hamas’s military framework, leading to the evacuation of around half a million people. The situation in Gaza, worsened by this event, is deemed catastrophic, with the U.S. focusing on providing aid.
  3. Hamas Suspends Prisoner Exchange Talks with Israel.
    In response to Israel’s ceasefire initiative, Hamas has announced the suspension of negotiations on a prisoner and detainee exchange deal. As reported by Israeli media, this decision was conveyed through Qatari mediators. Hamas demands the withdrawal of all Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip as the first phase of any deal, and emphasizes the need to end the war. 
  4. Escalation Between Hamas and Israel Over October 7 Events: Mutual Accusations and Calls for International Investigation.
    The events surrounding October 7 cast a shadow over the relations between Hamas and Israel, with both sides exchanging accusations regarding targeting civilians. Hamas vehemently denies engaging in hostile actions against civilians, justifying its operations as a reaction to what it considers injustices faced by the Palestinian people and ongoing occupation. Hamas insists it targeted only Israeli military sites, affirming its commitment to ethical standards. On the other hand, Israel rejects Hamas’s narrative, pointing to significant civilian casualties among Israelis. Israel bases its accusations on visual evidence and testimonies, including investigations conducted by international bodies such as the United Nations and the International Criminal Court.
  5. Israel’s Defense at the International Court of Justice: Confronting Genocide Accusations in Gaza.
    Israel has countered South Africa’s genocide allegations related to its military campaign in Gaza. Israel presented over 30 declassified documents, including orders from its war government and military leaders, to refute claims of genocide and demonstrate efforts to minimize Palestinian civilian casualties. These documents, reviewed by The New York Times, show Israeli attempts to provide humanitarian aid to Gaza, including food, water, and medical supplies, as directed by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The defense focuses on disproving the alignment of Israeli leaders’ statements with actual executive decisions, emphasizing actions taken to assist civilians in Gaza. The Court’s impending decision, expected on Friday, will address South Africa’s request for emergency measures, not the central genocide allegation, which requires extended deliberation. A ruling against Israel could lead to increased political pressure and potential sanctions, following a conflict that resulted in significant casualties on both sides.
  6. Israel Considers Water Agreement Termination as Jordan Critiques Gaza War Boldly.
    Israel is reportedly considering the termination of the water agreement with Jordan following what they perceive as “anti-Israel” statements from high-ranking Jordanian officials. Jordan’s Foreign Minister, Ayman Safadi, has been particularly audacious in his criticism of Israel’s actions in the Gaza conflict, stating that “nothing justifies the war in Gaza” and labeling it as “blatant aggression.” The current water agreement involves Israel providing 100 million cubic meters of water annually to Jordan in exchange for electricity production in Jordan for Israel. The growing tension between the two nations highlights the significance of Safadi’s outspoken stance on the Gaza war.


  1. U.S. Suspends UNRWA Funding Amid Employee Misconduct Allegations. The United States has halted its funding to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) following claims that 12 agency employees were involved in a Hamas attack against Israel in October. Post-investigation, UNRWA terminated these employees’ contracts. The U.S. Department of State, expressing concern over these allegations, has announced a comprehensive review. This decision marks a significant shift from the U.S.’s recent restoration of UNRWA funding, a reversal of the previous administration’s policy. UNRWA, established in 1949, plays a vital role in providing services to Palestinian refugees and their descendants, who were displaced following the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. 
  2. International Efforts for Israeli Detainees’ Release in Gaza. The CIA Director William Burns, alongside his Israeli counterpart, is set to meet with Qatari officials in Europe for negotiations aimed at releasing over 100 Israeli detainees in Gaza. These discussions, also involving the head of Egyptian intelligence, are part of the Biden administration’s efforts to facilitate the detainees’ release. This initiative follows the successful mediation that led to a November truce and a previous detainee release, partly orchestrated by the CIA Director. Hamas has expressed willingness to maintain the ceasefire, conditional upon International Court of Justice endorsement and Israeli compliance. The Biden administration, while backing a temporary ceasefire for humanitarian aid, does not endorse a full ceasefire. Post-negotiations, the Qatari Foreign Minister plans to visit Washington.
  3. ICJ Imposes Interim Measures on Israel for Gaza. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague has ruled to impose temporary measures on Israel aimed at preventing genocide in the Gaza Strip. This decision, supported by 15 of the 17 judges on the panel, mandates Israel to halt killings, assaults, and destruction in Gaza and ensure the delivery of urgent humanitarian aid. Ugandan judge Julia Sibutinde, the first African woman on the ICJ, was the sole dissenter against six of the measures, including two supported by the Israeli judge. The ruling stems from South Africa’s lawsuit accusing Israel of genocide against Palestinians in Gaza. While the lawsuit was accepted for consideration, it notably did not include South Africa’s demand for a ceasefire. The court, typically composed of 15 judges, was expanded to include representatives from South Africa and Israel specifically for this case.


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